how to reduce prejudice in schools

Recognize holidays and events relating to a variety of cultural and ethnic groups. The best way to do this would be to think of a particular situation where inter-group conflict exists, like between schools, racial groups, gangs, competing countries, etc. must feel they connected to members of the minority group. Some research has found that anti-racist teaching reduces prejudice and increases empathy. Editor’s Note: Britney L. Jones, Neag School doctoral candidate in the Learning, Leadership, and Educational Policy program, prepared the following issue brief — in affiliation with the Center for Education Policy Analysis (CEPA) — examining school and district policies and practices aimed at eliminating racism. Multicultural education involves explicitly teaching about the history and culture of specific groups. Form a group of interested students to start a club related to the issue. Researchers believe that fostering genuine relationships with members of ‘outgroups’ and thus taking part in the ‘cultural activities’ of another group can reduce implicit bias. Look at the culture of the whole school and consider: what your school is required to do under the Public Sector Equality Duty creating a school culture that reflects safety and inclusivity A new way to combat prejudice. A plethora of children's books have stories about stereotypes and prejudice. Having a friend from another group may also remove barriers to empathy and caring, which in turn decreases prejudice. This is the good news: Parents can be a positive force in combating prejudice in their children. As a teacher, I did regular key word tests and awarded merit…, Receive our latest thoughts in your inbox, We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on the CfEY website. Unfortunately, this was not always the case. The next week the roles were reversed. Here are some of the ways that parents can help reduce negative bias in … 9. Levy et al. Initiatives such as Black History Month and GRT History Month could be particularly problematic as they can feel tokenistic in nature and perhaps reflect an approach in which multiculturalism sits in a specific part of the timetable rather than being embedded throughout school culture and the curriculum. However, in doing so, they should draw on the wealth of evidence on how best to do this. Despite multicultural schools, prejudice is not decreased as children of different races segregate … It then discusses how prejudice is institutionalised and legitimised in schools, before turning to the main thrust of its investigation: the extent to which international education (K-12) can reduce prejudice. Half of the children heard a message recorded by a teacher instructing them to act in a kind and inclusive manner towards people from other groups and schools, or risk the consequences. For this group, effects on interest in Mexican cultural activities and attitudes toward immigrants maintained at a 6 month follow up. Given these practical objec-tives, it is natural to ask what has been learned about the most effective ways to reduce preju-dice. Things You Can Do in the Schools: Reducing Racial Prejudice to Reducing Racism. But it is vital to recognise that school rules alone are not enough to change attitudes. Activities for Teaching about Prejudice and Discrimination - Use these activities to discuss different areas of prejudice and ways to work toward appreciation. We were most interested in what might happen if a pupil’s peer group urged them to exclude those who were in the opposing team in the drawing competition, but the school stepped in and told the children to behave inclusively. (Contains 3 tables.) Understanding historical and current racism and discrimination is important part of accepting that racial prejudice exists and working to reduce it but it’s clear these topics need to be handled with care. Elliot, a third grade (year 4) teacher in Iowa, divided her class into blue eyed and brown eyed children. Those in the control group who read the same material but are not instructed to empathise do not change their scores as much. Eliminating Racism in the Classroom by Richard Morgan, D'Youville College "It is your responsibility to change society if you think of yourself as an educated person." By the age of seven, children are aware of the groups to which they belong, and prefer being a member of an “in-group”, such as fans of a certain football team or members of a different ethnic group. They’re disciplined more harshly, less likely to be identified as gifted, or to have access to quality teachers, to name but a few examples. Perspective asking: uses role-playing to help members of one group act out and argue the perspective of a conflicting group. Part one of this blog described how children as young as three display prejudice and presented a series of research findings regarding how children might develop this prejudice. While teachers’ and staffs’ primary responsibility is to teach academic content, challenging behaviors can … Too few of us were ever afforded opportunities to discuss or meaningfully learn about race in our K–12 schools, undergraduate studies, or doctoral programs. For example, one clause might be that all children have the right to learn in peace, regardless of their age, gender or ethnicity. Do not minimize or pretend not to see differences in race, religion, disability, or other attributes. “Racist and anti-immigration views held by children,” warned a recent headline in The Guardian, reporting the results of a survey of nearly 6,000 British schoolchildren conducted by the charity Show Racism the Red Card. If you fail to prepare, prepare to fail. The evidence on the effectiveness of anti-racist teaching is mixed. discrimination) for the social status inequalities which children are frequently aware of. These resources are meant to aid students in inspecting and challenging their own prejudices. Previous reviews have summarized evi- argue that multicultural education ‘may increase the likelihood that children will place individuals in to rigid categories, thereby…increasing stereotypes.’. This type of purposeful grouping can be replicated in almost any classroom as long as there is some diversity among pupils. However, some researchers argue that anti-racist teaching could lead to an increased emphasis on ‘ingroups’ and ‘outgroups’ or feelings of ‘anger or self-righteousness.’ Furthermore, such sessions could prove humiliating for members of the minority group being discussed. A review of the evidence. However, there are issues with this approach. [Commentaries from Bernadette M. Hickman-Maynard, Robert L. Selman and Clark McKown are included. Institutional racism doesn’t just affect adults but children in K-12 schools as well. One experiment compared the effect of different history lessons’ content on children’s attitudes to ‘African Americans’. An inclusive and open learning or working environment that consists of multiple ethnicities can help promote understanding and tolerance. Luke McGuire receives funding from the Economic and Social Research Council. [17] This avoids them hypothesising that a particular group tends to have lower status or poorer outcomes due to some inherent or biological trait. The research challenged my assumptions about children’s prejudice and left me concerned: if children become racially biased so young, partly through observing adults’ unconscious behaviour, how can we reduce prejudice? Nontheless, if you use cases of bias as a vehicle for education, it is quite possible to reduce students' prejudice over time. Allow them to do so by creating an after school club or similar school-related group dedicated specifically to reducing racism. Research suggests that cross-race friendships are an important factor in decreasing prejudice, probably because they help decrease stress and fears of rejection that may occur in cross-group situations. And more likely to involve a blend of different history lessons ’ on. 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