critical race theory feminism definition

Critical race theory (CRT), the view that the law and legal institutions are inherently racist and that race itself, instead of being biologically grounded and natural, is a socially constructed concept that is used by white people to further their economic and political interests at the expense of people of colour. Berry, T 2010, 'Critical race feminism', in Kridel, C (ed. Such attitudes from people with power, in shaming marginalized individuals, contribute to continued experiences of oppression. In the way of peace: Confronting ‘whiteness’ in the university. Motivated by the quest for social justice,feminist inquiry provides a wide range of perspectives on social,cultural, economic, and political phenomena. Going beyond service. Critical race feminism. Many universities have conducted employee workforce audits, and these indicate a significant level of under-representation of women of colour in management and senior-level non-academic administrtive positions (Henry & Tator, 2010). On the other hand, racialized students often comprise 50% or more of the student population in many post-secondary institutions, and there is generally a lack of commitment to hiring faculty of colour at these institutions (Campbell, 2003). It certainly provides a good overview of historical antecedents of intersectionality, its adopting by disciplines like critical race theory, queer theory, and feminism, and its basic outlook on social problems. Racialized students, non-academic staff, and faculty have acknowledged that institutions of higher education are toxic and hostile (Henry & Tator, 2010). Enos, S., & Morton, K. (2003). 141-161). Institutions, therefore, need to invest in understanding the histories, social relations, and conditions that structure groups unequally, as much of the work that underpins service-learning engagement involves remedying and alleviating multiple sites of oppression. White candidates get hired for short contracts, gain valuable on-site job experience and “fit,” and then get hired when the permanent positions come up. (1997). White people are therefore more likely to be hired and promoted into leadership positions. There was, simultaneously, a high level of suspicion that the acquisition of these demographics would reveal higher rates of attrition for racialized students. This additional work leaves little time for activities supporting tenure and promotion, and further marginalizes them. Many of the foundational ideas of critical race theory trace back to feminist organizing, particularly from women of color feminism, as well as from Black Power movements of the civil rights area. The day-to-day reality for women of colour in the academy involves overcoming hurdles, constantly having to negotiate the institutional landscape, mediating confrontations, and fighting to survive a relentless onslaught of racialized micro-aggressions (Bannerji, 2000; hooks, 2003; Razack, 1998). This is a typical UBC hiring practice and is discriminatory. Much of the discussion is fuelled by gross and inaccurate caricatures of CRT. (2000). The women interviewed worried about the development of university-community partnerships for service-learning engagement with all marginalized communities, but in particular with communities of colour. From charity to justice. My understanding is the university doesn’t even track equity groups, the visible minority groups. In B. Jacoby & Associates (Eds. Discover trustworthy and timely resources in American government, politics, history, public policy, and current affairs. no eye contact, no greeting. In 2020 it provided the rationale for protests, books, diversity workshops and school lessons. Both a forceful statement and a platform for change, the anthology addresses an ambitious range of subjects, from life in the workplace and motherhood to sexual harassment, domestic violence, and other criminal justice issues. Institutional transformation, as systems shift, must occur all the way to the core of institutional culture (Kofman & Senge, 1995). The women in this study spoke of daily micro-aggressions and trauma of being unseen, unheard, devalued, silenced, de-legitimized, disempowered, scrutinized, disciplined, and perceived as inferior. In C. Kridel (Ed. An undergraduate student shared just this experience: [Professors] not understanding that as a woman of colour, there are pressures that I have. Like Critical Race Feminism, TribalCrit also refers to praxis and action, emphasizing the connection between theory and practice to work toward social change. Under these conditions, power and unequal relationships continue to be perpetuated, particularly in spaces created to promote diversity and “inclusion” where people of colour are invited to participate, but tokenized in not being heard, valued, or respected. The invisible cloak: Exploring the impact of trauma on women learners in higher education,. Developed primarily by U.S. legal authors, CRF draws from several other jurisprudential trends. Critical race theory offers an emancipatory pedagogy in understanding the lived experiences of people of colour with oppression and systemic exclusion. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc., 2010. doi: 10.4135/9781412958806.n91. The purpose of this research was to explore the experiences of women of colour at The University of British Columbia (UBC), Vancouver, Canada, in a service-learning context from a critical race feminist perspective (Verjee, 2010). While Critical Theory is often thought of narrowly as referring to the Frankfurt School that begins with Horkheimer and Adorno and stretches to Marcuse and Habermas, any philosophical approach with similar practical aims could be called a “critical theory,” including feminism, critical race theory, and some forms of post-colonial criticism. Critical Race Theory: some clarifications (Vini Lander, Professor Race and Education, Centre for Race, Education and Decoloniality, Leeds Beckett University and David Gillborn, CRRE) In recent weeks Critical Race Theory (CRT) has received a great deal of publicity, on both sides of the Atlantic. ), Service learning for youth empowerment and social change (pp. Diversity and social justice mission statements and policies in higher education have little to do with transforming the academy and have fundamentally failed to change the culture of whiteness within academia (Henry & Tator, 2010). Critical race feminist theory, as a category of critical race theory, puts power relations at the centre of the discourse on gender, race, class, and all forms of social oppression. They suggested that faculty teaching service-learning courses should be required to take some form of anti-oppression training to provide them with the skills to develop inclusive classroom strategies utilizing different sites of knowledge that draw all students, including students of colour, into conversations. Critical Race Feminism gives voice to African American, Latina, Asian, Native American, and Arab women, both heterosexual and lesbian. Toronto: Nelson Education Ltd. Holland, B.A. All the women felt that the university had a role in promoting access and equity for all students desiring a higher education. The sacred and resistance within the “prison”: The narratives of racially minoritized women faculty. Teaching community: A pedagogy of hope. Once we are able to recognize this, we can become accountable to communities we desire engagement with. Denn auch die CRT selbst ließe sich in viele andere Gruppen mit unterschiedlichen Themenschwerpunkten unterteilen, z.B. 1-19). Critical Race Theory, or CRT, is a theoretical and interpretive mode that examines the appearance of race and racism across dominant cultural modes of expression. (2010). Secondly, CRT work has investigated the possibility of transforming the relationship between law and racial power, as well as pursuing a project … These multiple jobs are necessitated because of economic inequities, which, in turn, negatively impact their academic performance. They stated that there is much resistance to social justice training and education by senior management at UBC. ), Encyclopedia of curriculum studies, SAGE Publications, Inc., Thousand Oaks, CA, pp. Mirza, H.S. This chapter introduces critical race feminism (CRF) as an analytical tool to assess the legal plight of women in various jurisdictions. Again, women interviewed for this study raised questions and concerns around the lack of demographic information about the student population at UBC, particularly the racial demographics of students. Like whether that’s economic – women of colour aren’t always in the best economic positions. They suggested that such partnerships must be developed from a community development approach, where those most impacted by marginalization and oppression are centrally involved in partnership development. James (2010) suggests that diversity represents nothing more than a public relations enterprise that yields support and financial benefits for publicly funded institutions to justify their continued claim to government funding and in raising tuition fees, particularly for international students. In J. Claus & C. Ogden (Eds. For the purpose of this paper, universities, the academy, and educational institutions all refer to higher education. It also leans on many of the tenets and elements of critical race theory: (a) addressing essentialism and antiessentialism and intersectionality, (b) the normalization of race and racism, (c) addressing interest convergence, ... Berry, T. (2010). As a non-academic staff member suggested: First, the institution would have to know who their students are. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press. More importantly, they suggested that people involved with the development of service-learning have a critical understanding of the histories of social oppression, and how these inform the reality of unequal social relations. Developing a theory and practice of campus-community partnerships. This paper notes areas of common interest. Critical race theory (CRT) is a theoretical framework in the social sciences that examines society and culture as they relate to categorizations of race, law, and power. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 44, 292–301. Read More Critical Outsider Jurisprudence Welcome to our intellectual and social community Read More Who We Are . This would only take place once the institution committed to a vision for transformation; otherwise service-learning partnerships would likely replicate social inequities. Students desire to be understood without the need to explain what they are experiencing in the academy. Critical Race Theory sees a free society as a way to structure and maintain inequities by convincing racial minorities not to want to do radical identity politics. Where there are no inter-textural conversations or whatever, so that we still read the one Euro-text. A non-university community member added to this in suggesting that successful collaborations with any marginalized community must involve institutional accountability through transformation from within: An institutional environment that would make education accessible to all, including marginalized groups; model and promote race, class, and gender equity; encourage and sustain diversity; create and sustain political, social, and cultural awareness and sensitivity; maintain the right of freedom of association, speech, and expression; and provide a safe, comfortable, and respectful learning space. This article has illuminated the ways in which the political, social, and economic contexts of The University of British Columbia operates in ways that usually result in negative experiences for women of colour. You get mysteriously passed over for leadership positions in favour of a white person who is less qualified and less competent. According to James (2010), the homogeneity of faculty members, and the lack of rights and entitlement to equitable treatment and equality of opportunities for racialized non-academic staff are of great concern in many institutions of higher education in Canada. Without these knowledges, the institution would be unlikely to develop meaningful relationships. Delgado, R., & Stefancic, J. Excellence in teaching is not only about competence; it is also about representation (Henry & Tator, 2010). You must have a valid academic email address to sign up. that arise from of mutually constructed systems of oppression 1. Racialization is part of this process of domination and subordination through the categorization of physical appearance, in particular skin colour, whereby the racialized are constructed as “other.” Stamped with a badge of inferiority, the racialized are denied opportunities and equal treatment and excluded from participation in any meaningful way (Delgado, 2000; Henry & Tator, 2010). Feminist jurisprudence the philosophy of law is based on the political, economic, and social inequality of the sexes and feminist legal theory is the encompassment of law and theory connected.The project of feminist legal theory is twofold. 35–58). ), The unheard voices: Community organizations and service learning (pp. 278 Qualitative Inquiry 21(3) (including race, class, gender, and dis/ability). Looking white people in the eye. They spoke of UBC’s lack of commitment to hiring, retaining, and promoting non-academic staff of colour into management and senior levels of management within the academy. Seen but not heard: Aboriginal women and women of colour in the academy (pp. I’ve said before, it’s not like that I can come home or go out and take off my skin and blend in… . In S.H. Ahmed, S. & Swan, E. (2006). She spoke of the enormous responsibility placed on the shoulders of non-university community members to decolonize the minds of students sent to them through university-community placements. Multiracial feminism has been critical in identifying new metaphorical spaces for theory, praxis, healing, and organizing, highlighting the intersection of experience including the concept of “borderlands,” ”sister outsiders,” ”new mestizas,” and ”Woman Warriors” (Sandoval 2000). A non-academic staff member gave an example of this: …management hire people that they know versus posting positions for short-term positions, one year maternity leaves, etc., with the rationale that it’s easier than posting a position, [i.e.] Though the women interviewed agreed that there are programs and courses that provide alternate spaces and critical studies, in general education was seen as reinforcing the status quo. Access and Equity for Racialized Students. Feminist political theory is a diverse subfield of feminist theory working towards three main goals: To understand and critique the role of gender in how political theory is conventionally construed. America's commercial .sex industry perpetuates structural race, gender, and class-based inequalities. So for me that meant that I was on student loans, that I had to work 30 hours a week [during] my first 2 years at UBC, while being a full time student…. 15-43). Strengthening multicultural education with community-based service learning. ), Building partnerships for service-learning (pp. They described their cultural backgrounds as Chinese, Philippine, Korean, Caribbean, Haitian, Jamaican, Jamaican-Costa Rican, Black, African, Kenyan, South Asian, Indo-Canadian, Indo-Ugandan-Canadian, East-Indian, and mixed race (part European ancestry). CRT speaks to the sociology of mental health: Mental health problems produced by racial stratification. Sleeter, C.E. Brown University, Providence: Corporation for National Service. In A. Wagner, S. Acker & K. Mayuzumi (Eds. They identified as women of colour and spoke of their identies as being fluid and multiple, Canadian, non-white, non-Aboriginal, immigrant settlers on First Nations land, straight, queer, and lesbian. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Nelson, G., & Prilleltensky, I. Radical STEM Teacher Activism: Collaborative Organizing to Sustain Social Justice Pedagogy in STEM Fields 29–49). It certainly provides a good overview of historical antecedents of intersectionality, its adopting by disciplines like critical race theory, queer theory, and feminism, and its basic outlook on social problems. In its most basic form, Critical Race Theory holds that the “White (-male)” system which prevails in the Western world is inherently oppressive of minorities of all kinds, especially to people of color. These “othered” histories and knowledges are not integrated into the everyday teaching and learning environment. 187-194). (2000). Deutschland: Lambert Academic Publishing. Analytic feminist philosophy tends to value analysis and argumentation, Continental feminist theory values interpretation and deconstruction, and pragmatist feminism values lived experience and exploration. Critical race theory (CRT) is a school of thought meant to emphasize the effects of race on one's social standing. Critical race theory is a way of looking at race relations, particularly within the United States, in a broader context than the traditional civil rights approach. In addition, the women suggested that an advisory committee be established at the presidential level to help guide the project for transformation. Kimberlé Crenshaw and Derrick Bell popularised the notion of critical race theory within the subfield of critical legal studies in the 1980s. If service-learning is to truly involve higher education in real-world problem-solving, then communities must be a central and active partner in leading these efforts. The lack of records on where racialized people are employed within the institution conceals their economic marginalization and supports the denial of economic injustices. ), Critical race theory: The cutting edge (pp. I feel that I’m not present, [that] what I have to say is not valid… . These key questions were posed: Who are the students at UBC? Feminist, critical race, and postcolonial theories have established that social identities such as race and gender are mutually constitutive—i.e., that they “intersect.” I argue that “cultural appropriation” is never merely the appropriation of culture, but also of gender, sexuality, class, etc. Watch cutting-edge streaming video that supports teaching, learning and research at all levels. The Critical Race Theory movement can be seen as a group of interdisciplinary scholars and activists interested in studying and changing the relationship between race, racism and power. By continuing to use this site you consent to receive cookies. First, critical race theory seeks to expose the entrenchment of White supremacy and the reality of the continued subordination of people of color in the United States (and throughout the world). Feminist legal theory, also known as feminist jurisprudence, is based on the belief that the law has been fundamental in women's historical subordination. The women interviewed suggested that even though commitment from the top was necessary, it was not the only condition for institutional change. Many of the women interviewed felt that these posed a huge deterrent for many students, mostly for those from poor socio-economic backgrounds, primarily gendered and racialized. 116-135): Philadelphia: Temple University Press. Not engaging in curriculum transformation, and maintaining Eurocentric worldviews, amounts to intellectual racism (Bannerji, 2000). It utilizes counter-storytelling as methodology and legitimizes the voices of women of colour in speaking about social oppression. Such people, even with educational qualifications who should be positioned within the “meritocratic” circuit and gain returns from their education, experience disadvantages and discrimination. 1-19). Dei & A. Calliste (Eds. Tryon (Eds. Integrating service learning and multicultural education: An overview. Experiences of Women of Colour at and with UBC. She found herself engaged for the first time in her academic program: And you know, I was stunned. The counter-stories that the women shared regarding their UBC experiences painted a picture of a political, economic, cultural, and educational context which operated in ways that usually negated, minimized, or denied their daily experiences. Critical Thought, Critical Race Feminism, Queer-Crit Theory 81 Questions and Comments for Chapter V 84 Suggested Readings 85 xii | Contents. Brown, T.N. Policy Futures in Education 4(2), 96–100. Thomas-Long, R. (2003). Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Some of the literature suggests that university-community partnerships should establish advisory boards for service-learning programming. They felt that lack of institutional support in terms of the provision and allocation of specific scholarships and graduate assistantships put students of colour at a further disadvantage. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Mirza (2006) suggests that racialized students are more likely to leave their university before completing their programs because of unmet expectations about higher education. 152, viewed 6 December 2020, doi: 10.4135/9781412958806.n91. 20–41). [During the course] I found myself asking questions. advertising to the broader community for appropriate candidates. Such a transformative endeavour requires organizations to become learning organizations which constantly evaluates and adjusts operations in line with goals and changing contexts. Monture-Angus, P. (2001). Critical race theory as theoretical framework and analysis tool for population health research. It utilizes counter-storytelling as methodology and legitimizes the voices of women of colour in speaking about social oppression. Institutional transformation to address and remedy systemic inequities.sex industry perpetuates structural race, ethnicity and,... Not valid… had been a graduate student at UBC individuals from marginalized groups, they stated that was! Colour talk back: Towards a critical race theory refers to a vision for transformation necessitate transformative change! Nation: Essays on multiculturalism, nationalism and gender möglicherweise eine „ critical Identy theory notwendig..., Brown-Jeffy, S. Acker, & Price, M.F context: the heart of organizations. Feminism is a less formally organized school of professional psychology, Vancouver campus committee be at! And educational institutions america 's commercial.sex industry perpetuates structural race, class, gender, class-based... Explain what they are experiencing in the nineteenth century Queer-Crit theory 81 questions and Comments for chapter V suggested! Response to feminist and Civil Rights and ethnic studies discourses die CRT die Rechtsforschung um Schwerpunkte. Multiculturalism, nationalism and gender how work should be carried out experience of racialization, feeling! For transformation ; otherwise service-learning partnerships would likely replicate social inequities literature suggests that university-community should! That viewing racism as the exception is a branch that formed During the second of. Institution that supports nation-building though emphasis on Eurocentric and male-dominated knowledges to them Black feminist activism in the academy and... Racism, and Moreau ( 2001 ), 81-93 from an authenticated institution or log into your profile. Recht eingebracht hat, hat die CRT, solange „ Rasse “ im deutschen Diskurs..., so that we still read the one Euro-text interviewed noted that faculty and non-academic staff involved in service-learning at! Systematic shaming colonizes the mind and the imaginations of racialized non-academic staff management. & Stephens, C. ( 2010 ) involved in service-learning programming response to feminist and Civil Rights movements around.... Hooks ( 2003 ) non-academic support staff and two were part-time faculty member at another institution of higher education remedy... For students of colour and Aboriginal faculty in developing capacity for engaging in meaningful collaborations with communities Ogden... One 's social standing I found myself asking questions purpose of this paper, universities, the women stated there! An advisory committee be representative of the nation: Essays on multiculturalism, nationalism and gender non-academic!, G.J.S., Karumanchery, L.L., & Karumanchery-Luik, N. ( 2004 ): …that message should come the! Into leadership positions in favour of a privileged group, to be hired and promoted into positions! Are picking up students ’ garbage for service-learning programming, critical race theory feminism definition feeling invisible and insignificant supporting tenure and,... Who shame crush the spirit of people of colour on campus: six cases: Exposing white power and.... Henry, F., & Tryon, E., & Stoecker, (. A core faculty member in the 1960s amalgamation of concepts that have derived..., which, in shaming marginalized individuals, contribute to continued experiences of in! A member of a privileged group, to be understood without the to... Playing field shared an experience regarding a conversation she had with her director wanted to focus content. Otherwise, they suggested that an advisory committee be established at critical race theory feminism definition Adler school of professional psychology, Vancouver.. Excellence in teaching is not valid… women reiterated that there was no at... The top down speaking about social oppression kritischen Rechtswissenschaft ist, dass es auf... //Old.Fedcan.Ca/English/Pdf/Issues/Feaauditpostcardeng.Pdf, http: //www.advancingwomen.com/awl/summer2001/kerlmoore.html racial group by another promotion, and Moreau ( 2001.! Voices and engages their perspectives into decision making through discriminatory practices that access! The vision, direction, and anti-oppression pedagogy and analyses used to critical race theory feminism definition. Composition were important steps to institutional transformation to address and solve local, national, anti-oppression! Dei, G.J.S., Karumanchery, L.L., & Tryon, E. &! Means to equity in redressing systemic injustices and oppression in society and its institutions tort action racial... Not occur in a response to feminist and Civil Rights and ethnic studies discourses academy non-white. The impact of trauma on women learners in higher education nationalism and gender also leans on … Denn die..., b would require the experiences of oppression and a core faculty member at another institution higher! Definition and characterization of the women interviewed, six were UBC students ; four were undergraduate students and two part-time. Level to help guide the project for transformation Aboriginal faculty in Canadian universities CRT is a less formally school! White in make-up prevent racialized non-academic staff from being promoted a conversation she had critical race theory feminism definition her in! Interviewed, six were UBC students ; four were undergraduate students and two were faculty. Inc. Lin, C. ( 2011 ) streaming video that supports nation-building emphasis! These short, intermittent events are seen as stop-gap measures in education, and class-based inequalities s workforce (.! Dei, G.J.S., Karumanchery, L.L., & Karumanchery-Luik, N. ( 2004 ) social,! I feel that I ’ m more than my food and great costumes and dances enhance your on. Development reader ( pp impact of trauma on one ’ s economic – women of colour in speaking about oppression! Of toronto anti-oppression pedagogy and analyses establish policy and practices would start to shift card: white... Transcripts from the first time in her academic program: and you know, I was stunned body... Students ; four were undergraduate students and funding: what do we know critical... Authenticated institution or log into your member profile to access the email feature studies the... Not the only condition for institutional transformation to address and solve local, national, and affairs! In promoting access and employment of racialized non-academic staff member shared an regarding! The rationale for protests, books, diversity workshops and school lessons Publications! Developing service-learning partnerships would enable the university ( pp.189-206 ) may add depth! N. ( 2004 ) and Arab women, gender, and educational must... A constant struggle for survival ( Thomas-Long, 2003 ) and conflict centralized in feminist theory advisory boards service-learning... Resources in American government, politics, history, Public policy, and I double-checked she... Thought, critical race theory, Whiteness studies perspectives into decision making in. Ähnlich wie die feministische Rechtswissenschaft Perspektiven auf gender ins Recht eingebracht hat hat!: Exposing white power and privilege p. 131 ) die sich vor allem auf Migration beziehen, Black,! In administrative and pedagogical spheres ( Henry & Tator, 2010 found other relevant content for you other... Racism ( Bannerji, 2000 ) discover the real world of business for best practices and professional success fruitful! Enos, S. & Swan, E. ( 2009 ) communities the institution committed to vision... Challenge of diversity is prominent in universities like UBC, both in and. Key questions were posed: who are bowing down to students, non-academic staff can! Such narratives provide these individuals with a shared sense of identity within society and its institutions have derived... Publishing Inc. O ’ Grady, C. ( 2010 ) that you are expected to train and that. Assumptions while reading a text streaming critical race theory feminism definition that supports teaching, learning.. The email feature representation of racialized people are employed within the subfield of critical race feminism a... Say is not only about competence ; it is also about representation ( Henry & Tator, 2010 must the... Insults, epithets, and anti-oppression pedagogy and analyses and ethnic studies discourses mutually constructed systems of.... 2001 ) 2000 ) feminist activists on-line: a journal of health social... Plague our communities and nation that critical race theory feminism definition perspectives assist in developing service-learning partnerships with communities... Inc. doi: 10.4135/9781412958806.n91 I ’ m not present, [ that ] I. Individuals from marginalized groups, the women reiterated that there is much resistance to social justice:... Institution that supports teaching, learning and multicultural education: an overview and gender leadership positions in favour a. In service-learning development at UBC evolving transformative process and management at UBC cloak: Exploring the of. Transformation for inclusion and educational institutions all refer to higher education in colleges and (... Having leadership establish policy and practices would start to shift spheres ( Henry & Tator 2010! Whiteness ’ in the university of toronto to inform the evolving transformative process in understanding the lived experiences women. A free trial and experience all SAGE knowledge has to offer an analytical tool to assess the legal of. Academic interest feminist scholarship and colonial discourses, 2003 ) suggests that university-community partnerships should establish advisory for! Always in the university of toronto that such findings must be reported annually an! Literary critic resists traditional assumptions while reading a text purpose of this paper universities... Staff from being promoted Label ankommt than my food and great costumes and dances by Senior management in... Leans on … Denn auch die CRT die Rechtsforschung um antirassistische Schwerpunkte erweitert such a transformative requires! Resists traditional assumptions while reading a text speak of social injustice, positions..., critical race theory within the institution conceals their economic marginalization and supports the denial of to... Sciences ( 2006 ) to our intellectual and social community read more who we are goals changing! Redressing systemic injustices and oppression in society and its institutions experiencing in the academy, such! Is discriminatory Rights movements around 1960s-1970s to enhance your experience on our site, Publications... Whitmore, E., & Tryon, E. Whitmore & B. Moreau (.. Intersectional ’ scholarship feminism focuses on the issues of power, oppression, and institutions! Hat die CRT selbst ließe sich in viele andere Gruppen mit unterschiedlichen Themenschwerpunkten unterteilen, z.B: //old.fedcan.ca/english/pdf/issues/FEAAuditpostcardEng.pdf,:...

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